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Trading 101: Understanding Support and Resistance

In the realm of technical analysis (TA), support and resistance take center stage as vital components. These zones offer traders invaluable market insights and serve as pillars for making sound decisions when correctly applied.

Understanding support and resistance levels empowers traders to navigate price movements with confidence, identify potential entry and exit points, and develop robust trading strategies.

By harnessing the power of support and resistance, traders can enhance their ability to read the market, leading to more informed and successful trading outcomes.

Understanding Support: Identifying Buying Pressure Zones on the Chart

Support, also known as the support zone, plays a vital role in trading analysis. It refers to a specific location and time on the chart where “buying pressure” is evident. In such zones, the supply of the cryptocurrency typically decreases, while the demand for it increases. This imbalance in supply and demand often results in a corresponding price increase, following the basic rules of shortage—where investors are willing to pay a higher price to fulfill their demand. To illustrate this concept further, let’s delve into a practical example:

Tradingview: BTC/USD Pair Support November/December 2021

Back in November 2021, during the notorious ‘it can’t go any lower than 52k’ market downturn, support emerged as a formidable force. The price showed resilience, refusing to drop below the critical horizontal line at approximately 56.5k. This unwavering support indicated a surge in buying activity at that specific price level.

Support often takes on the role of a psychological barrier, commanding the attention of traders and hodlers alike. Whether it’s a round number or a price derived from valuations like market cap or technical indicators like EMAs and Fibonacci levels, support holds significance in the market.

When the price approaches a support level, investors and traders view it as a crucial structure, leading to “bounces” where the price reverses its direction. On the other hand, sellers tend to halt their selling activities around that price level, hoping to fetch a higher price for their assets. This delicate balance between buyers and sellers helps stabilize the market.

By recognizing and understanding support levels, traders can make more informed decisions, gauging the market sentiment and potential price movements. As the market constantly evolves, mastering the concept of support becomes an essential tool for successful trading.

Unlocking the Concept of Resistance: A Guide to Trading Strategies

In trading, a resistance zone acts as the opposite of a support zone. In a recent example involving BTC/USD, as the cryptocurrency began its correction towards the end of last year, the price encountered a significant upper barrier that resisted its upward movement multiple times (a). Investors closely watched this key resistance level as it held the potential to determine the market’s course.

Eventually, after repeated attempts, the price managed to break through the resistance (b). However, this breakthrough hinged on two critical factors: the level of buying volume and the ability to overcome the selling pressure.

The interaction between buying and selling volumes plays a crucial role in determining whether a resistance level will hold firm or give way to further price movement. Traders carefully assess these dynamics to make informed decisions and capitalize on potential trading opportunities.

By understanding resistance zones and closely monitoring market trends, traders can gain valuable insights into market behavior, enabling them to navigate corrections and price movements with greater confidence.

Tradingview: BTC/USD Pair Support & Resistance October/November 2021

When a price successfully breaches a resistance point, an interesting phenomenon occurs—the resistance can “flip” and transform into a support level, as observed in point c. Conversely, the reverse can also happen, where a support level converts into a resistance zone.

In the event that selling pressure gains momentum, as depicted in point d, the price can break below the established support level. This situation often arises due to an influx of supply surpassing the demand, leading to an imbalance in the market. Consequently, the market structure is temporarily disrupted, causing the price to decline until it discovers a new level of support.

Understanding the interplay between resistance and support levels is a fundamental aspect of market analysis. Traders closely observe these critical junctures to identify potential turning points in price movements and formulate effective trading strategies.

In the dynamic world of trading, recognizing the shifts between resistance and support zones can provide traders with valuable insights, helping them make more informed decisions and navigate market fluctuations with greater proficiency. By staying vigilant and analyzing market patterns, traders can better position themselves for success in this ever-evolving landscape.


Integrating support and resistance levels with other indicators is crucial for optimal results. When enough traders adopt these levels, they become self-fulfilling and highly tradable. As fundamental tools, support and resistance should be part of every trader’s toolkit, continuously monitored alongside price action. Achieving trading success involves a holistic approach, utilizing these insights to make informed decisions and achieve better outcomes.


Bryan indulges in every bit of crypto-related news and material he can lay his hands on. As such, he often shares his views and advice through the onXRP content platform. He is a firm believer in crypto’s potential in the financial and economic world. With 5 years of experience in investing and trading Bryan brings excellent insights to the table. He is excited to bring much of this knowledge and many of his skills to the onXRP platform.