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Everything You Need To Know About Smart Contracts

Artwork by Milad Fakurian


Smart contracts are computerized protocols that allow two parties to verify, control, or execute an agreement. Smart contracts are self-executing as well. This means that a two-party agreement is encoded in lines of code and spread across the whole blockchain, or network. With regard to privacy, even if they are theoretically conceivable to implement, many privacy-preserving smart contracts that need information to be private and accessible to only certain parties run into resource or design complexity restrictions. Furthermore, security proofs for these systems are time-consuming due to the added non-standard and non-unified layers of abstraction introduced by layering privacy-preserving logic on top of public smart contract functionality rather than creating better contract ecosystems with privacy at the core.

Where is the Smart Contract Stored?

A smart contract is not the same as a blockchain, despite popular belief. It is a piece of code that’s been stored on a blockchain. Contract executions are initiated when a transaction is made on the blockchain. When performing transactions, distributing this code across a decentralized blockchain network (such as the XRP Ledger) is advantageous since it removes the need for middlemen, central authority, or legal systems. As a result, anonymous parties can interact safely and securely all over the world using smart contracts. This has allowed them to become a critical component of many blockchain-based platforms and apps. 

Concerning smart contracts benefiting from the security, permanence, and immutability that blockchain offers. For instance, the XRP Ledger – XRP’s blockchain platform – has created and integrated smart contract capability in light of smart contracts. The $250 million Creator Fund and the XRPL are expected to hasten the transition to tokenization.

What is the History Behind Smart Contracts?

Nick Szabo, a professor at the University of Washington, created the term during the early days of the digital revolution. Szabo asserted that because these contracts could self-execute through protocols, they were a “smarter” manner of formalizing agreements and connections. A vending machine, he explained, is a classic example of a smart contract, in which the machine executes automatically if the agreed-upon condition is met. To put it another way, after the agreed-upon amount of money is deposited in the vending machine, the purchased item is automatically released to the consumer. Furthermore, everyone can see the price and nature of each item. This innovation was required because, traditional paper-based contracts lack the ability to act, causing market inefficiencies.

A smart contract, on the other hand, is a collection of digitalized guarantees and protocols that can automate actions like sending funds from one crypto wallet to another. When he published his 1995 magazine piece, he also revealed the potential application and benefits of smart contracts. The paper anticipated that in the future, technologically sophisticated methods of conducting business and forming agreements would arise. As a result, smart contracts became a crucial technological advancement to better the execution of the four rudimentary contract aims, which are ‘observability, verifiability, privity, and enforceability.

Uses, Benefits, and Limitations of Smart Contracts

Smart contracts are already being used in a variety of applications.

What are some of the use cases?

Smart contracts’ current tasks are primarily confined to shifting a certain amount of cryptocurrency from one party’s wallet to another when certain criteria are met. Smart contracts are now employed in the following areas: 

  • Medical systems 
  • Insurance firms 
  • Governments 
  • Business operations 
  • Initial Coin Offerings (ICOs)

As blockchain acceptance grows, more assets will be tokenized or “on-chain,” resulting in smart contracts becoming more sophisticated and capable of managing intricate transactions, speeding up the adoption curve.

What are the Benefits and Limitations of using smart contracts?


Smart contracts have a number of advantages over traditional paper contracts, including security, sovereignty, execution speed, transaction cost, greater accuracy, data accessibility, and availability. Multiple critical industries will profit from the widespread adoption of blockchain and asset tokenization in the Metaverse. Smart contracts will be utilized in a wide range of applications that are now in development, extending from political and financial applications to healthcare and distribution network applications.


Smart contracts, according to PWC, have proven to be prospective in terms of speed, lower cost, remittance, escrow functions, and reliability, to mention a few. They discovered that issues such as business readiness, regulatory regimes, human literacy, and apparent urgency may hinder the use of this technology. They go on to say that some industry experts feel that as the Internet of Things (IoT) develops, adoption will expand.

What does the future of XRPL Smart Contracts hold?

Smart contracts are a good illustration of “Amara’s Law,” which states that we tend to overestimate new technology in the short run and underestimate it in the long run, as described by Stanford University computer scientist Roy Amara. Although smart contracts will need to grow before they are widely used in complex business interactions, they have the potential to change the reward and incentive structure that will determine how parties contract in the future. To that end, while considering smart contracts, it’s critical to consider more than just how old concepts and structures can be adapted to this new technology. Rather, the actual smart contract revolution will come from completely new paradigms that we have yet to imagine.

The Future Will Be Tokenized. XRPL: Built for Tokenization

  • XRPL is on a quest to use its software ecosystem to fuel breakthrough innovations. The XRP Ledger is a decentralized open-source blockchain that may be used to tokenize digital goods like art and NFTs. Since its introduction, XRPL has facilitated activity for 5400 distinct tokens because of its built-in DEX.
  • The Ledger’s consensus method, which is up to 120,000x more efficient than market-leading proof-of-work blockchains, soon will enable sustainable and carbon-neutral capabilities for running NFT projects and marketplaces.
  • Micropayments, cryptocurrency wallets, exchanges, stablecoins, non-fungible tokens (NFTs), decentralised finance (DeFi), and central bank-issued digital currencies (CBDCs) are all instances of how the XRPL is and could be used to power creative technologies around the world.
  • XRPL is also lowering the entry hurdles for creatives interested in working in the NFT industry. For creators, the advancements will result in speedier, less expensive, and more long-term minting processes.
  • They will and already have encourage 4,000 artists & developers who were previously hesitant owing to technical or financial concerns through the $250 million Creator Fund, paving the path for broader acceptance and implementation of this innovative technology.

Smart contract applications will continue to grow in the following areas in the future: 

  • Finance smart contracts
  • Blockchain in real state
  • Smart contracts deploying emerging technologies 
  • NFTs & smart contracts in gaming & blockchain 
  • The use of blockchain and smart contracts in creative industries 
  • Smart Contracts and Blockchain in the Legal Industry


Traditional industrial processes, technological procedures, and business models are being modernized thanks to blockchain applications and cyber-physical systems. Because smart contract adoption is still in its early stages, best practices for implementing such code are continually evolving.

Presently, the availability of dependable software for managing digital assets and interfacing with numerous blockchains and smart contracts has made it easier than ever for businesses to enter this new world. Companies that have not yet developed a blockchain implementation strategy risk becoming obsolete. Smart contracts are at the heart of this transformation.

Jack Dunam
Jack Dunam