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Cryptocurrency’s Role in Facilitating the Transition to Green Energy

According to Larry Fink, the CEO of BlackRock, the next wave of unicorns won’t be dominated by search engines or social media giants. Instead, he envisions a new breed of sustainable and scalable innovators—startups that contribute to global decarbonization and make the transition to clean energy affordable for all. Fink emphasizes the need for transparency in acknowledging that green products can be costlier at present. To ensure a seamless and fair transition, it’s imperative to reduce the green premium.

The value of sustainable investments has already exceeded $4 trillion. In BloombergNEF’s (BNEF) New Energy Outlook 2021 (NEO), an annual long-term scenario analysis of the energy economy’s future, achieving net-zero carbon emissions by 2050 is estimated to require a substantial energy transition investment of up to $173 trillion. This underscores the necessity of a paradigm shift and a transition in the energy sector toward a future-proof grid powered by renewable resources.

Remarkably, Bitcoin and cryptocurrency mining could play a pivotal role in driving the world’s shift to green energy. How exactly? In the first part of this article, we will delve into the current landscape and explore intriguing concepts that illustrate how cryptocurrencies can contribute to accelerating the adoption of sustainable energy solutions.

Wait, What Transition?

“At some point, Bitcoin mining will resemble a utility and become an integral part of countries’ critical infrastructure,” stated the CEO of Foundry Digital. Bitcoin serves as a significant stabilizer for the power grid, enabling optimization of power generation potential through adjustable baseload demand sourced directly from the Bitcoin network. Companies like Melanin Solar and Blockstream are revolutionizing energy production by incentivizing the adoption of renewable mining practices. According to Galaxy Digital, a substantial portion of the world’s energy production goes to waste—approximately 2,205 TWh per year, which is 19.4 times the energy consumed by the Bitcoin network. A Galaxy Digital study revealed that Bitcoin consumes 113.89 terawatt-hours (TWh) annually, while the banking industry’s consumption amounts to 263.72 TWh per year.

Melanin Solar employs solar energy for CPU-mining of $WHIVE, a cryptocurrency powering sustainable energy proliferation within the Whive Protocol. Recognizing the significance of fostering a sustainable future, Ripple commits $100 million to enhance and expand carbon markets. The initiative seeks to align global carbon markets with increasing production and demand while achieving universally accepted climate goals, reinforcing sustainability initiatives.

Brad Garlinghouse, Ripple’s CEO, emphasizes, “Our $100 million commitment directly responds to the global call for companies to contribute to climate change solutions through resources like innovative technology, strategic capital, and talent. Carbon markets play a vital role in achieving climate objectives, and blockchain and crypto can catalyze these markets’ potential, enhancing liquidity and traceability within a complex landscape.”

The critical question arises: What factors are essential to propel green energy growth? Initiatives like green energy crypto mining and the advancement of distributed energy solutions stand as pivotal starting points. Companies like Melanin Solar further facilitate this progress by employing CPU-mining and optimizing protocols for regions with high Solar Reliability Indices (SRIs), in addition to introducing sustainability-driven NFTs. Through the Whive Protocol, Melanin Solar constructs crowd-grid systems that leverage decentralized technologies, including blockchain, to enhance energy access and security.

In a world where 940 million people, constituting 13% of the global population, lack access to electricity, open-source, decentralized technologies can accelerate decarbonization initiatives, benefiting the environment and fostering unprecedented levels of transparency and innovation. Bitcoin mining, and cryptocurrency mining at large, holds the potential to advance shared visions and offer market-driven solutions for decarbonization. It remains a collaborative effort to ensure that the industry mitigates any adverse impacts on the Earth’s ecosystem. However, it is essential to note that power consumption doesn’t inherently equate to CO2 emissions.

The Crypto Climate Accord

More than 250 firms and individuals from the crypto and financial, technology, non-profit, energy, and climate change sectors have signed on as Supporters of the Crypto Climate Accord. The CCA is a private sector-led project for the whole crypto community, inspired by the Paris Climate Agreement, with the goal of decarbonizing the cryptocurrency and blockchain industries at record speed. Members agree with the goals of the Accord and are actively involved in advising, developing, and scaling solutions in support of the CCA.

Joining the CCA does not guarantee that a Supporter organization has already been decarbonized. Signatories to the Crypto Climate Accord are crypto market participants who pledge to achieve net-zero emissions from electricity consumption associated with all of their various crypto-related operations by 2030 and to report progress toward this goal using best industry practices. Every Signatory also serves as a Supporter.

The Bitcoin industry has the chance to light the path for other industries by demonstrating how to achieve industry-wide decarbonization. Is crypto ever going to be green? A question largely left to the idealism of yesteryears, until recently where it is the talk of the town. The crypto scions of a decade long were hell-bent on propagating a financial révolution in true Rousseauesque fashion that they rarely considered carbon emissions.

Building on the forward progress of current technologies and policies, the CCA intends to provide an open-source toolbox for the decarbonization of the crypto industry.

What Are Carbon Offsets?

While the terms “carbon offset” and “carbon offset credit” (or simply “offset credit”) are often used interchangeably, they can subtly connote distinct concepts. A carbon offset denotes a reduction in greenhouse gas emissions or an augmentation in carbon storage designed to counterbalance emissions occurring elsewhere. This could involve actions such as tree planting or land restoration. As the global community strives for a more sustainable future, predictions indicate that carbon offsets could surge to a value of $550 billion by the year 2050.

However, the current landscape of carbon markets grapples with the challenge of meeting the escalating demand for robust, transparent, and efficient carbon removal solutions. Existing carbon markets face a range of issues, including supply bottlenecks, extended timeframes for market entry, opacity, inadequate and inequitable price determination, and even instances of fraudulent activities. To address these pressing concerns, innovative technologies come into play: blockchain and cryptocurrency.

These emerging technologies offer the potential to revolutionize carbon markets by addressing their inherent challenges. Blockchain and cryptocurrency hold the promise of scalability, efficiency, and transparency, essential for the expansion and effectiveness of carbon markets. By leveraging these technologies, the intricacies of carbon market infrastructure can be transformed, ushering in a new era of streamlined operations, improved price discovery mechanisms, and heightened security against fraudulent activities. As carbon markets undergo this transformation, the journey towards a sustainable future gains momentum, fortified by the transformative power of blockchain and cryptocurrency.

How Crypto and Blockchain Can Help Carbon Markets Become More Valuable

Blockchain and cryptocurrency offer the potential to revolutionize carbon markets by introducing new forms of value that are characterized by scalability, transparency, traceability, and verifiability. These technologies can potentially unlock carbon markets, allowing for the creation of innovative products that can be easily validated and brought to market through tokenization and decentralized governance. This inclusive approach welcomes various participants, from individual farmers and farming groups to enterprises and non-governmental organizations (NGOs), enabling them to contribute to carbon markets. Tokenization not only enhances pricing accuracy but also ensures fair returns to suppliers, adding value to both sides of the equation. Successful models can be replicated and expanded, accelerating progress towards climate targets.

Ripple’s $100 million investment serves significant environmental objectives, including:

  1. Accumulating high-quality carbon credits to leverage effective and adaptable carbon removal technologies.
  2. Collaborating with carbon-removal technology firms and market makers, like CarbonCure,, and Invert, to utilize blockchain and cryptocurrency for mutual value creation.
  3. Developing developer tools and functionalities centered around certified carbon credit NFTs, ensuring their representation on the XRP Ledger.
  4. Sustaining partnerships with leading climate and conservation organizations to innovate new climate solutions.
  5. Collaborating with standards groups and carbon offset projects to enhance the metadata of carbon credit NFTs on blockchains, such as the carbon-neutral XRP Ledger, providing transparency regarding project origin, region, and methodology.

Tokenizing carbon credits has the potential to address the growing demand for carbon markets while ensuring the legitimacy, integrity, and transparency of these markets. The XRP Ledger is already witnessing the integration of various carbon removal initiatives and fintech ventures, introducing innovative climate products. By incorporating blockchain technology into climate programs, the industry can accelerate the validation and approval of NFT carbon credits, mitigate the risk of fraud, and guarantee the long-term carbon reduction. Ripple’s commitment to sustainability is evident through its actions, aiming to achieve carbon net-zero by 2030 or sooner. Collaborations with organizations like the XRP Ledger Foundation, Energy Web, the Crypto Climate Accord, and the World Economic Forum’s Crypto Impact and Sustainability Accelerator underscore Ripple’s dedication to shaping a greener future.

Carbon offset credits facilitate the transfer of a net climate benefit from one entity to another, regardless of the geographic location of greenhouse gas reduction efforts. These credits simplify and cost-effectively enable businesses to reduce emissions or support equivalent emission-reducing activities, contributing to climate change mitigation.

What About Green Energy Mining?

There is no denying that Bitcoin mining consumes a significant amount of energy, and it doesn’t attempt to hide that fact. This characteristic, often criticized, has been treated as a flaw in need of correction. Bitcoin’s proof-of-work (POW) algorithm is designed to reinforce the concept of hard money by adhering to the laws of thermodynamics during its creation and maintenance. However, this process contributes approximately 40 million tons of carbon dioxide to the atmosphere annually.

Despite the ingenuity behind this approach, many individuals outside the cryptocurrency sphere hold a negative perception of Bitcoin mining, as evident from the multitude of opinion pieces published by mainstream media outlets with this perspective. Remember the days when similar exaggerated articles and debates surrounded Amazon, quipping about adding coal to power stations for book orders? While those of us born in that era now dismiss such statements, this is the current plight of Bitcoin and crypto mining as a whole.

Interestingly, even within the industry, there are those who level similar accusations. Some seek to promote “their coin” as the “next Bitcoin,” while others aim to redefine the concept of sound money through less energy-intensive alternatives like Proof-of-Stake (PoS). Melanin Solar’s utilization of the Whive Protocol’s PoW and CPU-mined algorithm reshapes the narrative, returning to fundamentals while incorporating sophistication.

Granted, concerning how the power is sourced, distributed, and diverted from other resources, both Bitcoin enthusiasts and miners carry significant moral and environmental responsibilities, akin to any other sector. The essence of crypto mining should drive sustainable energy adoption, both in its implementation and philosophical underpinnings.

Presently, renewable energy accounts for approximately 39% of Bitcoin mining operations. According to the recent CoinShares research report from January 2022, Bitcoin mining consumes a mere 0.05% of the Earth’s total energy production and contributes only 0.08% of global CO2 emissions. The Bitcoin algorithm remains in constant pursuit of enhanced efficiency and cost reduction. With this built-in drive, the progress is unstoppable. Miners worldwide are actively exploring strategies to reduce the cost of Bitcoin mining, with renewable energy emerging as the most economically viable source. Crypto mining can accelerate the advancement of renewable energy technology by facilitating quicker returns on green investments.

What About NFTs Can They Be Sustainable?

What’s the connection between NFTs and all of this? Well, it’s actually quite significant. NFTs play a pivotal role in addressing overlooked or underfunded challenges in a participatory and incentive-driven manner. Embracing open-source, decentralized technology has the potential to accelerate decarbonization initiatives, leading to unparalleled levels of innovation and transparency for the betterment of the world.

“Green NFTs,” which fund new technologies and community-led sustainable projects, are at the forefront of driving the energy transition while championing thematic sustainable impact and innovation for a net-zero world. Such a vision is undeniably essential to ensure that the 13% of the global population isn’t left behind in the journey towards achieving net-zero emissions. By combining funding, direct action, and gamification, the aim is to encourage global involvement in sustainability matters, facilitated and incentivized by NFTs through collaborative and inclusive activities.

To address your implied query, analysts indicate that the average NFT consumes approximately 75 kWh throughout its lifecycle (factoring in all transactions). Ethereum’s blockchain is a popular choice for creating NFTs, and each Ethereum transaction requires around 48 kWh due to the proof-of-work consensus algorithm.

Now, let’s ponder this: the SUN stands as the most potent BANK, wielding a staggering 430 quintillion Joules. Yes, that’s 430 followed by 18 zeroes! To put it in perspective, all of humanity’s energy consumption in a year amounts to 410 quintillion Joules. The question arises: how ready is the world to harness and utilize such an enormous energy quantity? It appears that crypto mining and NFTs might offer a solution.

Renewable energy is rapidly gaining ground across the globe, driven by economics, environmental considerations, and the imperative of energy security. The sun emits enough energy every hour to power the entire Earth for a year. This raises the question once again: how prepared are we to harness and utilize this incredible energy potential? Indeed, solar energy mining becomes a way to energize not just currency, but the future itself.

Energization of Money?

“If you wish to unveil the mysteries of the universe, ponder upon it through the lenses of energy, frequency, and vibration,” declared Nikola Tesla over a century ago. Similarly, if your aim is to forge an impeccable economy, establishing a feedback loop between the economy and the environment becomes imperative. This exploration delves into the potential of energy-centric monetary instruments, encompassing currencies and accounting standards, to facilitate such a feedback mechanism. Energy emerges as a compelling contender for this role due to its dual significance in both the economic landscape and the realm of research.


As technology approaches a state of equilibrium, regulators will inevitably need to integrate it into existing monetary systems. With a few regulatory changes, we might stand on the cusp of significantly enhancing the utilization of green energy within the cryptocurrency realm. These developments underscore the critical importance of achieving stability within the crypto sphere. Regulatory frameworks have the potential to streamline cryptocurrency mining operations, ultimately steering the industry toward renewable energy adoption, thereby advancing its path toward becoming recognized legal tender.

The global landscape stands at a pivotal juncture. Amidst the surge in human activities and the economic uncertainties brought about by the pandemic’s impact, the Anthropocene era—also referred to as the Chthulucene by Donna Haraway—introduces intricate complexities in the race towards achieving net-zero emissions, arguably the paramount commitment of the 21st century. Amidst these complexities, the energy systems’ condition emerges as a pivotal concern. Therefore, comprehending the forces at play that will reshape the world’s interaction with energy becomes paramount in understanding the planet’s energy outlook.

Stefan Muriuki
Stefan Muriuki